Design and Technology

Subject Leader: Miss S Downes

DOWNESS@saintgeorgescofe.kent.sch.uk

 

Design & Technology prepares children to deal with tomorrow’s rapidly changing world. It encourages children to become independent, creative problem-solvers and think as individuals and as part of a team – making positive changes to their quality of life. It enables them to identify needs and opportunities and to respond to them by developing a range of ideas and by making products and systems. Through the study of Design & Technology, children combine practical skills with an understanding of aesthetic, social and environmental issues, as well as functions and industrial practices. This allows them to reflect on and evaluate present and past design & technology assessing its use and impact on the world. Design & Technology helps all children to become astute and informed future consumers and potential innovators.

 

Key Changes to the Design & Technology Curriculum

 

These include:

 

Products to be made for a purpose.

Ensure individuality in children’s design and construction of products.

Two strands: Designing and Making and Cooking and Nutrition.

More emphasis on creating ‘innovative’ products in KS2.

Teaching the importance of making on-going changes and improvements during making stages.

Looking into seasonality of ingredients and how they are grown, caught or reared.

The introduction of computing and coding of products in KS2.

Researching key events and individuals in KS2

Design and Technology is taught through the area of Expressive Arts and Design, within the EYFS curriculum. Design and Technology is taught through topics, with some discrete teaching, particularly of skills such as using scissors and cutting safely. Children use a range of materials and are taught basic techniques such as joining, folding and safe use of simple tools.

In EYFS the continuous provision areas that involve D&T are the workshop area, construction area, outdoor provision area and funky fingers activities. The children have the opportunity to design and make junk models using recyclable materials. They practise cutting activities using paper and card to develop scissor skills. They use different construction kits to create for example, stick houses out of natural materials and farm vehicles. Although children have access to each area independently, challenges are included to ensure key skills are applied.

There is also dedicated cooking time for children to develop their food preparation skills using equipment like peelers, graters and juicers. This includes finding out where food comes from, nutritional information and food safety and hygiene. Children have the opportunity to bake their own food products such as fairy cakes and themed biscuits.

Key stage 1

Through a variety of creative and practical activities, pupils will be taught the knowledge, understanding and skills needed to engage in a repetitive process of designing and making.

They will work in a range of relevant contexts [for example, the home and school, gardens and playgrounds, the local community, industry and the wider environment].

When designing and making, pupils will be taught to:

Design

  • design purposeful, functional, appealing products for themselves and other users based on design criteria
  • generate, develop, model and communicate their ideas through talking, drawing, templates, mock-ups and, where appropriate, information and communication technology

Make

  • select from and use a range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks [for example, cutting, shaping, joining and finishing]
  • select from and use a wide range of materials and components, including construction materials, textiles and ingredients, according to their characteristics

Evaluate

  • explore and evaluate a range of existing products
  • evaluate their ideas and products against design criteria

 

Technical knowledge

  • build structures, exploring how they can be made stronger, stiffer and more stable
  • explore and use mechanisms [for example, levers, sliders, wheels and axles], in their products.

Key stage 2

 

Through a variety of creative and practical activities, pupils will be taught the

knowledge, understanding and skills needed to engage in an iterative process of designing

and making. They will work in a range of relevant contexts [for example, the home,

school, leisure, culture, enterprise, industry and the wider environment].

When designing and making, pupils will be taught to:

 

Design

 

  • use research and develop design criteria to inform the design of innovative, functional,
  • appealing products that are fit for purpose, aimed at individuals or groups
  • generate, develop, model and communicate their ideas through discussion, annotated

sketches, cross-sectional and exploded diagrams, prototypes, pattern pieces and

  • computer-aided design

 

Make

 

  • select from and use a wider range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks

[for example, cutting, shaping, joining and finishing], accurately

  • select from and use a wider range of materials and components, including construction

materials, textiles and ingredients, according to their functional properties and aesthetic

  • qualities

 

Evaluate

 

  • investigate and analyse a range of existing products
  • evaluate their ideas and products against their own design criteria and consider the

views of others to improve their work

  • understand how key events and individuals in design and technology have helped

shape the world

 

Technical knowledge

 

  • apply their understanding of how to strengthen, stiffen and reinforce more complex

structures

  • understand and use mechanical systems in their products [for example, gears, pulleys,

cams, levers and linkages]

  • understand and use electrical systems in their products [for example, series circuits

incorporating switches, bulbs, buzzers and motors]

  • apply their understanding of computing to program, monitor and control their products.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cooking and nutrition

 

As part of their work with food, pupils will be taught how to cook and apply the

principles of nutrition and healthy eating. Instilling a love of cooking in pupils will also open

a door to one of the great expressions of human creativity. Learning how to cook is a

crucial life skill that enables pupils to feed themselves and others affordably and well, now

and in later life.

 

Pupils will be taught to:

 

Key stage 1

 

  • use the basic principles of a healthy and varied diet to prepare dishes
  • understand where food comes from.

 

Key stage 2

 

  • understand and apply the principles of a healthy and varied diet
  • prepare and cook a variety of predominantly savoury dishes using a range of cooking

techniques

  • understand seasonality, and know where and how a variety of ingredients are grown,

reared, caught and processed.